After winning the Battle of Brandywine, the British captured Philadelphia on September 26, 1777. The British army finally left the Continental capital almost nine months later on June 18, 1778, following France’s entry into the war.
The Second Continental Congress was the body of colonial delegates that first met in May 1775, by arrangement of the First Continental Congress. Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson, who had not taken part in the First Continental Congress, were among its members. During the American Revolution, the Second Continental Congress served as the provisional government of the colonies, issued the Declaration of Independence in 1776, and adopted the Articles of Confederation in 1777.