- ›› Coverage Events : Missouri Compromise
Glossary Term – Event
The Missouri Compromise prohibited slavery north of latitude 36°30' north except in Missouri, which was admitted to the Union as a slave state while Maine (up to then part of Massachusetts) was admitted as a free state.
Glossary Term – Event
Congress passed the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which overturned the Missouri Compromise. This opened Kansas and Nebraska to white settlement and allowed popular sovereignty to determine slave- or free-state status in territories seeking statehood. The act destroyed the Whig Party, divided the Democratic Party, and prompted the creation the Republican Party. The author of this legislation was Senator Stephen A. Douglas, who had pushed the Compromise of 1850 through Congress. As chairman of the Senate Committee on Territories, Douglas had proposed...
Glossary Term – Person
James Monroe (1758–1831) was the fifth president of the United States. A Virginia native, Monroe was also a veteran of the American Revolution, having crossed the Delaware with George Washington and been in the battles at Trenton, Brandywine, and Germantown. After the war, Monroe returned to Virginia to study law under Thomas Jefferson, who would act as Monroe’s mentor and greatly influence his political views. Monroe served as a public servant in myriad positions over the years, in the Virginia House of Delegates, Confederation Congress,...
Glossary Term – Place
The 36°30′ line was the latitude designated by the Missouri Compromise of 1820 as the boundary between free and slave territory in the Louisiana Purchase. In the Compromise, Missouri was admitted to the Union as a slave state, and slavery was banned in the rest of the Louisiana Purchase north of the 36°30′ line. That boundary became meaningless, however, when the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 repealed the Compromise and employed popular sovereignty in determining slave or free status in the territory.
Abraham Lincoln's views on slavery and its abolition were clearly expressed in speeches and action throughout his political career. This online exhibition, based on a document booklet of the same title produced in partnership with President Lincoln's Cottage at the Soldiers' Home in Washington DC (...