An alleged and unsubstantiated plot to burn down New York City, known as the Negro Conspiracy of 1741, prompted authorities to burn thirteen blacks alive, hang eight, and transport seventy-one out of the colony.
Fifty-three captive West Africans revolted at sea and seized control of the slave ship L’Amistad. The ship was soon captured by the US Navy and towed to New Haven, where there was a legal battle over the Africans’ fate. In 1841, the Supreme Court ruled that the Amistad captives had been illegally enslaved and released them.
Gabriel, a slave owned by tobacco planter Thomas Prosser, plotted a major slave revolt in Virginia, but the rebellion was thwarted by bad weather and informants. Gabriel and many of his co-conspirators were executed, while others were sold.