To protest the Tea Act, Boston colonists staged the Boston Tea Party. Disguised as Mohawk Indians, a group of approximately 150 protesters boarded three tea ships in Boston harbor and emptied 342 chests of tea worth 18,000 pounds sterling into the water.
The nearly year-long Siege of Boston began on April 19, 1775, just after the battles at Lexington and Concord. Colonial militiamen surrounded Boston to prevent the British army’s movement, and conflicts ensued for eleven months until the British evacuation in March 1776.
The Stamp Act Congress was a meeting of representatives from nine of the British colonies that convened in New York City in October 1765. The goal was to draft a resolution of rights and grievances against Parliament and the Crown concerning the recently implemented Stamp Act. The convention adopted a Declaration of Rights and Grievances, which denied Parliament’s right to impose taxes on the colonies. At the same time it accepted parliamentary authority.
Gouverneur Morris (1752–1816) was a member of the Continental Congress, a signer of the Articles of the Confederation, and a delegate to the Constitutional Convention. As a framer of the Constitution, Morris advocated the creation of an executive branch and an electoral college. After the founding, Morris served as a minister to France and, later, in the Senate.
George Grenville (1712–1770) was the British prime minster who imposed policies and taxes on the colonies and colonial trade that the Americans considered oppressive. Grenville’s Revenue Act of 1764 and Stamp Act of 1765 infuriated colonists and helped to foment the revolutionary spirit that led to war.