In the summer of 1876, two dramatically different places captured the American nation’s attention. As the summer began, fairgoers in Philadelphia teemed into the Centennial Exhibition held to commemorate...
The Anasazi culture of prehistoric American Indians developed and flourished, ca. 800–1100, in the Southwest near the present-day borders of Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, and Utah. Pueblo tribes later developed from the Anasazi.
Zebulon Pike (1779–1813) was an American officer and explorer. Pike’s Peak in Colorado is named in his honor. He was sent to explore the southern portion of the Louisiana Purchase in 1806–1807, but he was captured by the Spanish and held briefly in 1807. He was killed in the War of 1812.
Until 1821, Spain ruled the area that now includes the states of Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, and Utah. Spanish explorers, priests, and soldiers had first entered the area in the early sixteenth century, half a century before the first English colonists arrived at Jamestown. Spain left a lasting cultural imprint on the region.