President Kennedy met Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev at a summit in Vienna. Khrushchev threatened to give East Germany control of access routes to Berlin, and Kennedy responded with a pledge to defend West Berlin.
Built as a divider between East and West Berlin by the Communist East German government in 1961, the Berlin Wall was torn down. The destruction of the wall signifyed the fall of the “iron curtain” and symbolized the end of the Cold War.
The Berlin Wall was erected by the Communist government of East Germany in 1961. It served as a barrier, surrounding West Berlin and separating it from East. The Berlin Wall was torn down in 1989, as the Soviet Union broke up and the Cold War came to an end. Its demise served as the symbolic fall of the Iron Curtain and led to the 1990 reunification of Germany.