- ›› Coverage Geographical : Florida
Glossary Term – Person
Zora Neale Hurston (ca. 1891–1960) was a writer and anthropologist associated with the Harlem Renaissance of the 1920s and 1930s. Hurston grew up in Eatonville, Florida, the first incorporated African American town in the nation. Hurston published her first short story in 1921, while still a student at Howard University. In 1925, Hurston received a scholarship to Barnard College and moved to New York City, where she joined other black writers and artists in the Harlem Renaissance. Hurston continued to publish and studied anthropology, and...
In 1586, Sir Francis Drake led a raid against Spanish settlements in the Caribbean including St. Augustine (in present-day Florida). This engraving, by Baptista Boazio, depicts the attack of Drake’s fleet of twenty-three ships on St. Augustine.
On April 23, 1818, Captain Obed Wright of the Georgia militia ordered an attack on a Chehaw village, which resulted in the slaughter of several American Indians. In a letter written a week after the attack, Brigadier General Thomas Glascock reported it to his superior officer, General Andrew Jackson. Glascock’s account of the Chehaw affair is important not only for its description of how 230 militiamen killed “seven men . . . one woman and two Children” but also for how it shaped Jackson’s response to the massacre.
In 1539, Hernando de Soto led the first major European expedition into the interior of the southeastern North America, an area then known as “La Florida.” This nineteenth-century engraving depicts Hernando de Soto’s discovery of the Mississippi River at a point below Natchez on May 8, 1541.
The following exchange between two old Army friends illustrates the painful choices made by Americans after the surrender of Fort Sumter. At the time, the Confederate general Braxton Bragg was in command in Pensacola, Florida, while Union colonel Henry Hunt was at Fort Pickens, just across the bay.