In August 1990, the Iraqi army invaded Kuwait....
Saddam Hussein was executed by hanging after he was found guilty of crimes against humanity. The sentence was imposed by a Baghdad court with five Iraqi judges.
President Bush ordered an attack on Baghdad with the intent of eliminating Saddam Hussein and his government. On May 1, 2003, Bush declared the war over and “Mission Accomplished.” The conflict continued in Iraq and was followed by questions from Congress and the American public about the validity of the administration’s original reasons for the war.
The United States’ Coalition Provisional Authority handed authority over Iraq to the Iraqi interim government led by Interim Prime Minister Iyad Allawi.
In the 2006 mid-term elections, Democrats regained control of both chambers of Congress. They had campaigned against Iraq policy and corruption in the Republican Party.
The United States joined the military and economic committees of the Baghdad Pact, a defense alliance that included Britain, Iran, Pakistan, Turkey, and Iraq.
After Iraq, led by Saddam Hussein, invaded Kuwait in August 1990, President Bush headed a coalition to set a deadline for Iraqi withdrawal. When Iraq failed to leave Kuwait, on January 17, 1991, the US-led coalition began a series of air attacks on Iraq and Iraqi-controlled regions of Kuwait. A ground assault began on February 23, and Kuwait was liberated on February 28, with Iraq accepting the conditions of a UN resolution for a ceasefire.
Iraq held its first democratic elections in almost half a century on January 30, 2005, when Iraqis cast their votes for the National Assembly, the country’s transitional government. Another election was held in December 2005 for a permanent, four-year government.
Saddam Hussein (1937–2006) was the president of Iraq whose long reign was marked by brutality and war. Saddam came to power upon the resignation of President Ahmad Hasan al-Bakr in 1979, and he quickly established an oppressive and retaliatory rule. In 1980, he authorized the Iraqi invasion of Iran’s oil fields, and the resulting war would last until 1988. In 1990, Saddam authorized an invasion of Kuwait, but US and UN intervention drove Iraqi forces out of the country. As a result of the Persian Gulf War, the United Nations imposed strict...
Barack Obama (1961– ) is the forty-fourth president of the United States. Before becoming the first African American elected to the nation’s highest office, Obama attended Columbia University and earned a law degree from Harvard. He also worked as a community organizer in Chicago for several years and in 1997 became a member of the Illinois senate. He was elected to the US Senate in 2004, and that same year his keynote address at the Democratic National Convention lifted Obama into the national spotlight. In 2007 he announced his candidacy...