A brief biography of Frederick Douglass
The puritans who settled New England in 1630 were not coming to America to promote religious freedom for all, but to achieve for themselves a freedom from the church and civil officials in England who had prevented them from pursuing their faith as they believed God wanted them to. The settlement of Massachusetts presented the colonists with their first opportunity to decide what views and actions were acceptable and to prohibit what was not.
Mercy Otis Warren fostered and modeled women’s participation in the body politic through the promulgation of virtue in the public arena. Through her writings, she had supported the American Revolution and, when the Constitution seemed to repudiate the liberties promised in the Revolution, she turned her talents to supporting the Antifederalists.
By the time Jefferson entered the White House, Congress was shelling out nearly one-fifth of the national budget to buy off the Barbary pirates. Jefferson wanted war, but was convinced that Congress would not support it. He therefore asserted an executive privilege: by executive order he sent a small fleet of American warships to the Mediterranean with instructions to protect US commerce.
Imagine saying goodbye to family, friends, and familiar places to take a dangerous voyage across thousands of miles of ocean in a small wooden ship. Your destination: a strange and often hostile land. Yet, in the 1600s, thousands of Dutch, English, French, and Spanish men and women did just that because of poverty, religious persecution, or a hope that a better life lay across the Atlantic Ocean.
British soldiers began issuing writs of assistance in Boston, allowing them to create a policy of search without warrant.
The Boston Committee adopted a “Solemn League and Covenant” suspending commerce with Britain.
Congress passed a bill sponsored by Massachusetts Senator Henry Cabot Lodge, with support from the Immigration Restriction League, requiring a literacy test for immigrants, though President Grover Cleveland later vetoed the bill in 1897.
In Shays’ Rebellion, Massachusetts farmers, faced with high taxes, eviction, and imprisonment for debt, attacked the Springfield arsenal. While the rebellion was eventually put down by state militia, it also helped make clear the need for a stronger central government capable of protecting democratic institutions.