Jonathan Edwards was dismissed from his Northampton congregation after attempting to reinforce stricter requirements for the sacraments rather than the more leninent ones imposed by the Half-Way Covenant.
Solomon Stoddard led the first of at least five religious “harvests” stirring evangelical revivalism in Northampton, Massachusetts. Stoddard’s other Northampton revivals followed in 1683, 1696, 1712, and 1718.
A wave for religious revival and enthusiasm popularly known as the “Great Awakening” began in New England, ignited by Jonathan Edwards, whose sermons in Northampton, Massachusetts, emphasized human depravity and divine omnipotence.
The term “the Great Awakening” wasn’t broadly used to describe the religious revivals that took place in the American colonies from the 1740s to the late 1760s until the 1842 publication of Rev. Joseph Tracy’s book of that title. Modern historians disagree about the term’s usefulness. Those who employ “the...