In Brownsville, Texas, black infantrymen stationed at Fort Brown were accused by local white citizens of murdering a bartender and shooting a police officer. The soldiers consistently denied taking part in the attack, and their white commanders asserted that the soldiers were in their barracks during the shooting. With no credible evidence and based only on white accusation, President Theodore Roosevelt ordered the discharge of 167 black infantrymen for refusing to admit to or implicate fellow soldiers in the shooting.
After thirteen days of fighting Mexican troops defeated the Texans at the Alamo, a former San Antonio mission defended by both Texans, including the frontier heroes David Crockett and James Bowie, and a number of Tejanos. Almost all of the Alamo’s defenders were killed in battle or executed immediately afterward. The battle inspired the motto “Remember the Alamo!” which Texan troops invoked in the Battle of San Jacinto, the deciding battle of the Texas Revolution.
The US Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms attempted to execute search and arrest warrants for the Branch Davidian compound in Waco, Texas, and sect leader David Koresh. An armed standoff began between government forces and the Branch Davidians. After fifty days of failed negotiations, US attorney general Janet Reno approved a plan for the siege of the compound. When the FBI attempted to overtake the compound in a tear gas assault, several fires broke out, and more than eighty Davidians died in the siege.
President John F. Kennedy was shot and killed by assassin Lee Harvey Oswald while riding in a motorcade through Dallas, Texas. Vice President Lyndon Johnson was sworn in as president upon Kennedy’s death.
The National Farmers’ Alliance was formed from a merger of regional Farmers’ Alliances in 1880. The national organization, as the regional ones had, aimed to further the interests of farmers through cooperative efforts and education.