Fearing the restoration of German power, the Soviets insisted on the repression of the German people, while the United States hoped to include West Germany in Western European recovery plans. As American and Soviet forces occupying Germany clashed over punishment and rehabilitation plans for the country, the Soviets cut off access to Berlin.
Built as a divider between East and West Berlin by the Communist East German government in 1961, the Berlin Wall was torn down. The destruction of the wall signifyed the fall of the “iron curtain” and symbolized the end of the Cold War.
The Berlin Wall was erected by the Communist government of East Germany in 1961. It served as a barrier, surrounding West Berlin and separating it from East. The Berlin Wall was torn down in 1989, as the Soviet Union broke up and the Cold War came to an end. Its demise served as the symbolic fall of the Iron Curtain and led to the 1990 reunification of Germany.