The Dakota Conflict began in Minnesota between US troops and several eastern bands of Dakota or Santee Sioux along Minnesota River. Between 300 and 800 white civilians and an unknown number of American Indians were killed in the conflict, which continued through September.
Members of the militant American Indian Movement staged an armed occupation of Wounded Knee, South Dakota, the site of a massacre of Lakota Indians at the hands of the US Army in 1890. The occupiers were led by Russell Means and Dennis Banks. They declared an independent Sioux nation and held the area for seventy-one days, surrendering after an AIM member was shot and killed by federal authorities.