In Schechter Poultry Corporation v. the United States, the Supreme Court ruled the National Recovery Administration unconstitutional and held that the government could not determine national codes, wages, or hours in local plants.
In Yick Wo v. Hopkins, the Supreme Court ruled that it was unconstitutional to apply race-neutral legislation discriminatorily against a specific race. The Court stated that “subjects of the Emperor of China who have the right to temporarily or permanently reside within the United States, are entitled to enjoy the protection guaranteed by the Constitution and afforded by the laws.”
In Henderson v. Mayor of New York, the Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional state laws requiring an immigrant head tax—a “per head” tax levied on shipowners for each immigrant transported into the US that was ultimately paid by the immigrant himself in the form of increased passenger fare.
After Belva Lockwood received her law degree, she found that the federal Court of Claims refused to allow her to plead cases. In 1876 Lockwood's petition to argue before the US Supreme Court was denied. In 1879, Lockwood successfully petitioned Congress to pass an act allowing women to practice before the US Supreme Court and in 1880, due to her efforts, became the first woman allowed to do so.
McCulloch v. Maryland concerned Maryland’s right to levy a prohibitive tax on the Second Bank of the United States. In an effort to remove the tax, James McCulloch, the cashier at the bank’s Baltimore branch, sued Maryland on his employer’s behalf. The Maryland courts upheld the tax but the case was appealed to the Supreme Court, where John Marshall wrote the Court’s unanimous decision overturning the original ruling. The decision broadly interpreted the Constitution, endowing Congress with the power to use all appropriate means...
The Supreme Court declined to rule in the case of Cherokee Nation v. Georgia on the grounds that “an Indian tribe or nation within the United States is not a foreign state in the sense of the constitution, and cannot maintain an action in the courts of the United States.”