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A graduate of Syracuse Medical College, Mary Walker served as a doctor during the American Civil War. In April 1864, Walker was captured by the Confederates in Tennessee. Following her release, President Lincoln summoned Walker to Washington, DC, to discuss her imprisonment.
The tension between individual rights and a government’s need to preserve and protect national security during times of war has represented a constant theme throughout American history.
During the John Adams administration, a conflict with France resulted in the passage of the Alien and Sedition Acts, laws that violated the First Amendment by limiting people’s freedom to criticize the government and encouraged fear of foreigners living in the United States. James Madison and Thomas Jefferson famously responded with...
Fourth-grade students often associate Abraham Lincoln with three things: He wore a tall hat, he issued the Emancipation Proclamation, and he was assassinated. The murder of Lincoln, whom most historians consider one of the country’s two most important presidents, had major consequences for our nation and for the Reconstruction period that followed the Civil War.
John Wilkes Booth’s premeditated attack was a carefully orchestrated plot involving at least eight other participants. The fact that President Lincoln was...
The Emancipation Proclamation is the document that Lincoln felt would cement his name in history. It stated that all enslaved people within the states in rebellion were free. Although the document was not accepted in the Confederacy and therefore did not immediately free any slaves, it is considered one of the most important in American history.The proclamation, controversial in its own time, laid down a pathway for the future and provided a commitment to ending slavery. The document promoted the mission of...
I do not...hesitate to avow before this House and the country, and in the presence of the living God, that if by your legislation you seek to drive us from the territories of California and New Mexico, purchased by the common blood and treasure of the whole people, and to abolish slavery in this District, thereby attempting to fix a national degradation upon half the States of this Confederacy, I am for disunion.
Representative Robert Toombs of Georgia, 1849...
When may the rights of students in school be restricted?Materials Tinker v. Des Moines Independent School District, 1969, Boston College New Jersey v. T.L.O., 1985, Legal Information Institute, Cornell University ...
The leaders and oracles of the most powerful party in the United States have denounced us as tyrants and unprincipled heathens through the whole civilized world. They have preached it from their pulpits. They have declared it in the halls of Congress and in their newspapers. In their schoolhouses they have taught their children (who are to rule this Government in the next generation) to look upon the slaveholder as the especial disciple of the devil himself....They have established...