The Health Care and Security Act of 1993, championed by President Clinton and Hillary Clinton, was abandoned when the 1994 mid-term elections saw Republicans returned to power in the House and the Senate.
A government shutdown began when President Bill Clinton and the Republican-controlled Congress deadlocked on the federal budget. The first shutdown ended on November 19 with a temporary spending bill compromise. Another shutdown began on December 16 when Clinton refused to accept budget cuts to Medicare and Medicaid. Republicans, facing public disapproval over their handling of the budget issue, agreed to continuing resolutions on January 6, 1996.
President Clinton signed the Balanced Budget Act designed to balance the national budget by 2002. The legislative package instituted taxpayer relief and changes in federal entitlement programs and provided for health insurance coverage for uninsured children.
Democratic nominee and Arkansas governor Bill Clinton won the presidential election over incumbent Republican George H. W. Bush and Independent candidate Ross Perot. Though Bush had used the success of the Persian Gulf War as a campaign point, Clinton’s focus on the economy propelled him to the win.
While the House of Representatives had impeached President Clinton, the Senate acquitted him on the basis that his actions—lying under oath about an affair with White House intern Monica Lewinsky—did not constitute the “high crimes and misdemeanors” specified in the US Constitution as a condition for impeachment.
Bill Clinton was re-elected president over Republican nominee Bob Dole and Reform Party candidate Ross Perot. Though Republicans had attacked Clinton on moral issues, the President’s handling of the economy helped him capture 379 electoral votes to Dole’s 159.