President Roosevelt signed Executive Order #9066, which authorized the designation of military areas “from which any or all persons may be excluded.” The order was used to remove Japanese Americans to internment camps.
The economy relapsed in the “Roosevelt Recession.” Encouraged by the successes he saw resulting from New Deal programs, President Roosevelt felt the economy had turned around and he cut spending. At that point, companies failed, unemployment rose, and the stock market fell. Roosevelt responded with a new spending program, and the economy largely returned to pre-1937 levels by the middle of 1938.
President Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill issued the Atlantic Charter, a joint statement on behalf of the United States and Britain that highlighted the two nations’ “common principles” and plans for cooperation in the creation of “a better future for the world.”
Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, and Joseph Stalin met in Iran to discuss strategy and cooperation. The three leaders agreed to coordinate a Soviet offensive and an Allied landing at Normandy, and Stalin agreed to enter the war against Japan once Hitler was defeated.