Harry S. Truman, Winston Churchill, and Chiang Kai-shek issued the Potsdam Declaration to Japan: “We call upon the Government of Japan to proclaim now the unconditional surrender of all the Japanese armed forces, and to provide proper and adequate assurances of their good faith in such action. The alternative for Japan is prompt and utter destruction.”
Congress passed the Taft-Hartley Act over President Truman’s veto. The act instituted a number of amendments to the National Labor Relations Act of 1935 designed to restrict organized labor. While the act limited labor unions’ negotiation tactics, it also reduced corrupt labor and political practices.
Harry S. Truman, Winston Churchill, and Joseph Stalin issued coordinated announcements of the Allied Powers’ victory in Europe. Major celebrations took place, though victory in the Pacific was yet to be achieved.
In his State of the Union address, President Harry S. Truman announced his “Fair Deal,” a series of proposed domestic reforms, including the expansion of many New Deal policies. Truman’s proposals included social security expansion, a minimum-wage increase, labor law changes, aid for education, and health insurance reform.