- ›› Coverage People : Strom Thurmond
Glossary Term – Event
In an unexpected upset, Harry S. Truman defeated Thomas E. Dewey in the presidential election. Truman had become unpopular in the wake of World War II, and pollsters and the media predicted that Dewey would oust the incumbent. Truman, however, had run a tireless and clever campaign. He took advantage of Dewey’s expectation of a sure win and appealed to labor, civil rights supporters, and the Democratic Party base for political and monetary support. On election day, Truman won 303 electoral votes to Dewey’s 189—segregationist Dixiecrat Strom...
Glossary Term – Organization
The Dixiecrat Party—or States’ Rights Democratic Party—was formed in 1948 by southern members of the Democratic Party who objected to the civil rights plank of the party platform. In the 1948 presidential election, the Dixiecrats nominated South Carolina Governor Strom Thurmond, who carried four states and thirty-nine electoral votes.
Glossary Term – Person
James Strom Thurmond (1902–2003) was an influential South Carolina politician and one of the longest serving senators in American history. Thurmond was elected as the Democratic governor of South Carolina in 1946, but he split from the Democratic Party in 1948 over its support for civil rights. A conservative segregationist, Thurmond organized the States’ Rights Democratic Party—or Dixiecrats—and earned thirty-nine electoral votes as the Dixiecrat presidential nominee. He was elected to the Senate in 1954. In 1964 he broke from the...