Ulysses S. Grant issued his famous ultimatum at Fort Donelson, Tennessee: “No terms except unconditional and immediate surrender can be accepted. I propose to move immediately upon your works.” Confederate forces accepted. (17,398 casualties)
Gen. Robert E. Lee surrendered to Gen. Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House in Virginia. By April 1865, Grant’s army had cut off Lee’s supply lines, forcing Confederate forces to evacuate Petersburg and Richmond. Lee and his men retreated westward, but Grant’s troops overtook him about a hundred miles west of Richmond. Recognizing that further resistance would be futile, Lee surrendered at Appomattox Court House on April 9. The next day, in a final message to his troops, Robert E. Lee acknowledged that he was “compelled to yield to...
Hearing of Grant’s victory at Vicksburg five days earlier, Confederate forces surrendered Port Hudson, Louisiana, after a forty-eight day siege—the longest ever in the United States. The surrender restored control of the Mississippi to the Union, ending the war in the West. Port Hudson was also the first major battle in which black Union troops participated.
In Philadelphia, President Ulysses S. Grant opened the Centennial Exhibition of 1876, the first World’s Fair held in the United States. The event hosted various exhibits of nature and technology, including Alexander Graham Bell’s telephone, and attracted almost nine million visitors in six months.