More than seventy-five major race riots occured in 1967. The largest was in Detroit and began when police raided an after-hours bar. The violence in Detroit lasted for five days, during which thirty-four people were killed and seven thousand arrested.
In the case of Brown v. Board of Education, the Supreme Court struck down Plessy v. Ferguson’s “separate but equal” policy when it ruled that segregation of public school children based on race was unconstitutional.
In Cooper v. Aaron, the Supreme Court ruled that the governor and legislature of Arkansas were bound by the court’s Brown v. Board of Education ruling. The case affirmed the Supreme Court’s rulings and interpretation of the US Constitution as the “supreme law of the land.”