Thurgood Marshall (1908–1993), an African American lawyer and US Supreme Court justice, was born in Baltimore, Maryland. Marshall attended a segregated high school in Baltimore and then went to Lincoln University, where the student body was all black and the faculty all white. Because the University of Maryland Law School refused to accept African Americans, Marshall’s mother pawned her engagement and wedding rings so he could attend Howard Law School. With the legislative and executive branches of government largely...
Fallout shelters were created as refuges to be used in the event of a nuclear attack. Named for the radioactive “fallout” produced by nuclear weapons, fallout shelters were stocked with food, water, and supplies for survival.
Levittowns were planned suburban communities built by developer William Levitt after World War II. Levitt’s communities were comprised of mass-produced prefabricated houses built quickly and cheaply. Many were sold to veterans and their families inexpensively. The four communities built by William Levitt soon became a model for other suburban developments created throughout the nation after the war.
Marc Dolan, an English and American Studies scholar at John Jay College, City University of New York (CUNY), discusses his new book, Bruce Springsteen and the Promise of Rock ’n’ Roll (W.W. Norton, 2012).
What does the Constitution say about racial equality? Larry Kramer, Dean at Stanford Law School, explains the role of the Reconstruction amendments and the challenges faced by the Supreme Court in shaping Civil Rights legislation in the years before Brown v. Board of Education.