Entrepreneur William J. Levitt began building the largest housing project in American history. On a thousand acres on Long Island, Levitt built 17,000 homes to accommodate approximately 82,000 people. Levitt soon began constructing houses using assembly-line techniques to produce many more “Levittowns,” a model for suburban planning that proliferated throughout the United States in the 1950s.
The President’s Committee on Civil Rights released To Secure These Rights, a report that condemned segregation, called for the integration of American society, and made numerous recommendations for the protection of civil rights.
In an unexpected upset, Harry S. Truman defeated Thomas E. Dewey in the presidential election. Truman had become unpopular in the wake of World War II, and pollsters and the media predicted that Dewey would oust the incumbent. Truman, however, had run a tireless and clever campaign. He took advantage of Dewey’s expectation of a sure win and appealed to labor, civil rights supporters, and the Democratic Party base for political and monetary support. On election day, Truman won 303 electoral votes to Dewey’s 189—segregationist Dixiecrat Strom...
The Central Intelligence Agency was established in 1947 as a US intelligence-gathering organization tasked with gaining and evaluating military, political, social, and economic information about foreign countries.