The Central Intelligence Agency was established in 1947 as a US intelligence-gathering organization tasked with gaining and evaluating military, political, social, and economic information about foreign countries.
The Dixiecrat Party—or States’ Rights Democratic Party—was formed in 1948 by southern members of the Democratic Party who objected to the civil rights plank of the party platform. In the 1948 presidential election, the Dixiecrats nominated South Carolina Governor Strom Thurmond, who carried four states and thirty-nine electoral votes.
The Organization of American States was created in 1947 by the Rio Pact. This was the first major Cold War alliance, allying much of Latin America, the United States, and Canada, with the objectives of preventing Communism and improving conditions in Latin America. The OAS addresses the common economic, social, and defense concerns of its members.
The Peace Corps was a product of the Cold War. A week before the 1960 presidential election, John F. Kennedy observed that the Soviet Union had “hundreds of men and women, scientists, physicists, teachers, engineers, doctors, and nurses . . . prepared to spend their lives abroad in the service of world communism.” The United States had no equivalent. Kennedy feared that the United States was in danger of losing the battle for the hearts and minds of the world’s peoples. He believed that a “peace corps” was the answer. “I am...