Laborers from the National Farm Workers Association and the Agricultural Workers Organizing Committee initiated the Delano grape strike and boycott. The strike continued into 1966, when the NFWA and AWOC merged to become the United Farmworkers Organizing Committee. The UFOC was led by César Chávez, Dolores Huerta, and others. The strike and boycott ended in 1970 when the UFOC secured three-year contracts with grape growers.
In Miranda v. Arizona, the Supreme Court ruled that statements made by suspected criminals were only admissible for prosecution if suspects had been informed of their rights, leading to the establishment of “Miranda rights.”
The US Apollo 11 became the first manned space craft to land on the moon. Astronaut Neil Armstrong’s first steps on the moon’s surface were watched by hundreds of millions in a live television broadcast of the landing.
In the South Vietnam village of My Lai, American infantrymen murdered more than five hundred men, women, and children. The atrocities at My Lai came to light in the American media in early 1969, stunning the public and helping to turn national opinion against the war.
The National Organization for Women was established by Betty Friedan and others with the purpose of bringing “women into full participation in the mainstream of American society now, exercising all the privileges and responsibilities thereof in truly equal partnership with men.”