In Miranda v. Arizona, the Supreme Court ruled that statements made by suspected criminals were only admissible for prosecution if suspects had been informed of their rights, leading to the establishment of “Miranda rights.”
The US Apollo 11 became the first manned space craft to land on the moon. Astronaut Neil Armstrong’s first steps on the moon’s surface were watched by hundreds of millions in a live television broadcast of the landing.
In the South Vietnam village of My Lai, American infantrymen murdered more than five hundred men, women, and children. The atrocities at My Lai came to light in the American media in early 1969, stunning the public and helping to turn national opinion against the war.
The President Nixon announced his Nixon Doctrine, a foreign policy plan that emphasized the United States’ commitment to its treaty obligations, promised allies protection from other nuclear powers, and called on other countries to take responsibility for their own defense.
The President’s Commission on the Status of Women issued its report about women’s status under the law and opportunities in education and the workplace. The Commission, which was organized by President John F. Kennedy and chaired by Eleanor Roosevelt until her death in 1962, reported widespread inequality and discrimination.
In the presidential election of 1968, Republican Richard Nixon faced off against Democrat Hubert Humphrey and American Independent Party candidate George Wallace. Humphrey had won the Democratic nomination after the assassination of Robert Kennedy, but Nixon took the national election.
President Gerald Ford met with Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev in Vladivostok, Siberia, to discuss a long-term strategic arms limitation agreement; a previous agreement set in 1972 was only temporary and set to expire in 1977.
Congress passed the Equal Rights Amendment, which declared that “Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridge by the United States or any State on account of sex,” but the amendment was never ratified.