Born a slave, Romeo Smith of Windham, Maine, entered the Continental Army with the promise of freedom in exchange for military service. He served in the 7th Massachusetts for three years and was supposedly manumitted. Yet in January 1784, the threat of being reclaimed as a slave surfaced and Romeo sought the assistance of General Henry Knox. The document featured here is Knox’s retained draft certifying Smith’s freedom.
- ›› Eras and Sub-Eras : The Road to Revolution
Explore in depth Paul Revere’s 1770 print “Brittish Ships of War Landing Their Troops, 1768” and check out Paul Revere’s related propaganda print of the...
The basic principle that governed voting in colonial America was that voters should have a “stake in society.”...
The ideas of economists and political philosophers, both when they are right and when they are wrong, are more powerful than is commonly understood. Indeed the world is ruled by little else. Practical men, who believe themselves to be quite exempt from any intellectual influence, are usually the slaves of some defunct economist. Madmen in authority, who hear voices in the air, are distilling their frenzy from some academic scribbler of a few years back. ...
No Native people affected the course of seventeenth- and eighteenth-century American history more than the Haudenosaunee, or Iroquois, of present-day upstate New York. Historians have been attempting to explain how and why ever since, and central to their explanations is the remarkable political and diplomatic structure, the League of the Iroquois.
The modern intellectual anti-slavery movement emerged as two distinct but overlapping currents, one religious, the other secular.
By the middle of the eighteenth century both the British and the French believed that a military contest in North America was inevitable as an element of their global rivalry. Governor Robert Dinwiddie of Virginia and other colonial governors were in constant correspondence concerning the French threat. In 1753, Dinwiddie sent Major George Washington, his newly appointed militia adjutant of the southern district of Virginia, to confront the French.
The story of the Native people who came in contact with colonial Virginians is a complex and layered story of diplomacy. We often refer to these nations as tribes today, but each had independence, political autonomy, and what we should think of as foreign policies designed to deal with other American Indian nations and with the European nations who were settling in North America.