American and French forces under General Lafayette attacked the British at Yorktown, Virginia. It was the last major battle of the Revolution. On October 17, 1781, British general Charles Cornwallis surrendered to George Washington.
In the Newburgh Conspiracy, Continental officers who had long been waiting to receive pensions and back pay from Congress threatened to revolt against a “country that tramples on your rights.” Washington convinced military leaders to resist sedition.
The nearly year-long Siege of Boston began on April 19, 1775, just after the battles at Lexington and Concord. Colonial militiamen surrounded Boston to prevent the British army’s movement, and conflicts ensued for eleven months until the British evacuation in March 1776.
The Sons of Liberty was a secret organization formed in opposition to the Stamp Act in the summer of 1765. Lead by Samuel Adams, Paul Revere, and others, the Sons of Liberty coordinated colonial resistance to British tyranny using petitions, propaganda, and public assembly. First formed in Boston, local Sons of Liberty organizations were soon established throughout the colonies.
The Second Continental Congress was the body of colonial delegates that first met in May 1775, by arrangement of the First Continental Congress. Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson, who had not taken part in the First Continental Congress, were among its members. During the American Revolution, the Second Continental Congress served as the provisional government of the colonies, issued the Declaration of Independence in 1776, and adopted the Articles of Confederation in 1777.
The First Continental Congress was the unified body of colonial delegates that met in September 1774 to determine the colonial response to Parliament’s passage of the Intolerable Acts (or Coercive Acts). All the colonies except Georgia were represented in the First Continental Congress. Fifty-six delegates met in Philadelphia. The meeting adopted the Suffolk Resolves, sent its “Declaration of Rights and Grievances” to King George III, and agreed to meet again in a Second Continental Congress in May 1775.