Vikings voyaged to points in North America, ca. 1000–1400, as they attempted to expand trade. Around the year 1000, several Viking expeditions established villages in North America. The settlements were quickly abandoned, leaving little evidence of their existence behind, though Vikings likely continued to voyage to the North American continent for several hundred years.
British explorer and navigator Henry Hudson, commissioned by the Dutch East India Company to search for a northwest passage, explored the river that would be named for him. Ascending the river to present-day Albany, Hudson and his men encountered and traded with American Indians during the voyage.
John White returned to Roanoke with more English colonists to find the settlement deserted. The settlers there may have moved on or been attacked by American Indians, but their fate was never confirmed, leaving Roanoke’s abandonment a mystery.
English mathematician and explorer Thomas Harriot published A Briefe and True Report of the New Found Land of Virginia, describing the region and its people and resources. In addition to the English edition, the book was published in French, German, and Latin, allowing information about New World discoveries to spread throughout Europe.