Glossary Term – Event
The Portuguese discovered Brazil.
The first British colony, granted to Sir Walter Raleigh, was established on Roanoke Island. Most settlers returned to England in 1586, however, under threat of a Spanish raid. A few settlers remained to defend the settlement, but none survived.
Christopher Columbus made his final trip across the Atlantic.
Francisco Coronado explored the present-day southwestern United States.
Hernándo de Soto began his exploration of the what is now the southwestern United States.
Italian Amerigo Vespucci explored the east coast of the New World for Portugal.
John White, sent by Sir Walter Raleigh, arrived in Roanoke with supplies and a new group of colonists. White departed after only a month, leaving about 120 settlers at Roanoke while he returned to England for more supplies and additional colonists. The colony was deserted when White returned in 1590.
The French establish Acadia in what is now Eastern Canada’s Maritime Provinces. Samuel de Champlain explored and claimed Huron country for France.
The Columbian Exchange refers to the flow of people, animals, plants, and microorganisms between Europe and Africa, and the Americas. For American Indians, disease was the most significant effect of the exchange with as much as 90 percent of the Native population dying during the first century of interaction. For Africans and Europeans, the most important effect was the arrival of new American crops that increased food supplies significantly. This led to population explosions in Africa and parts of Europe, which fed migration from those...