The Anasazi culture of prehistoric American Indians developed and flourished, ca. 800–1100, in the Southwest near the present-day borders of Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, and Utah. Pueblo tribes later developed from the Anasazi.
The encomienda system was created by the Spanish to control and regulate American Indian labor and behavior during the colonization of the Americas. Under the encomienda system, conquistadors and other leaders (encomenderos) received grants of a number of Indians, from whom they could exact “tribute” in the form of gold or labor. The encomenderos were supposed to protect and Christianize the Indians granted to them, but they most often used the system to effectively enslave the Indians and take their...
John White returned to Roanoke with more English colonists to find the settlement deserted. The settlers there may have moved on or been attacked by American Indians, but their fate was never confirmed, leaving Roanoke’s abandonment a mystery.
English mathematician and explorer Thomas Harriot published A Briefe and True Report of the New Found Land of Virginia, describing the region and its people and resources. In addition to the English edition, the book was published in French, German, and Latin, allowing information about New World discoveries to spread throughout Europe.