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Glossary Term – Person
Charles Sumner (1811–1874) was a Radical Republican senator and reformer who fought for abolition and rights for African Americans. Sumner was born in Boston and attended Harvard Law School. He began his first term in the US Senate in 1852. He immediately denounced the Compromise of 1850 in his first major speech. In May 1856, he delivered another anti-slavery speech. Focusing on the “Crime against Kansas,” Sumner denounced the events in “Bloody Kansas” as well as his pro-slavery colleagues. Among the people Sumner criticized in his speech...
Glossary Term – Person
Wendell Phillips (1811–1884) was a preeminent orator in the anti-slavery movement. As a Boston lawyer, Phillips became acquainted with William Lloyd Garrison in the 1830s. In 1837, Phillips delivered his first anti-slavery oration after the mob murder of abolitionist Elijah Lovejoy. Phillips soon abandoned his legal practice to devote his professional and personal life to abolition. During the Civil War, Phillips was...
Glossary Term – Place
“Bleeding Kansas” describes the violence in that territory over the question of slavery that preceded Kansas’ entry into the Union.
Abraham Lincoln's views on slavery and its abolition were clearly expressed in speeches and action throughout his political career. This online exhibition, based on a document booklet of the same title produced in partnership with President Lincoln's Cottage at the Soldiers' Home in Washington DC (www.lincolncottage.org) traces his...
Two hundred years after his birth, Abraham Lincoln’s historical importance endures. . . . A man for all times, Lincoln has become a global figure. People around the world take inspiration from the principles, words, and resolute leadership of the sixteenth President of the United States.
This exhibition presents a variety of original documents and images highlighting the story of the abolition of slavery between 1787 and 1865 in England and America. Each item has its own historic significance as well as a place in the broader progress of abolitionist thinking, from the moment William Wilberforce joined the British...
For more than 225 years the principle of freedom and our understanding of its implications have evolved dramatically. The selections from this exhibition invite you to read the words and see the images of the men and women who forged this nation. Their words and images provide insights into the complexity of the past. James G. Basker, the president of the Gilder Lehrman Institute, guides viewers through this exploration of the evolution of liberty in the United States.