- ›› Eras and Sub-Eras : Reconstruction
The Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments gave constitutional status to emancipation’s promise. The Fifteenth Amendment provided suffrage for black men, declaring that, “the right of citizens of the...
Prohibited slavery in the United States
Defined national citizenshipReduced state representation in Congress proportional to number of disfranchised votersDenied former Confederates the right to hold public office...
In 1915, 50 years after the end of the Civil War, D.W. Griffith, released his epic film Birth of a Nation. The greatest blockbuster of the silent era, Birth of a Nation was seen by an estimated 200 million Americans by 1946.Based on a novel by a Baptist preacher named Thomas Dixon, the film painted Reconstruction, the period following the Civil War, as a time when vengeful former slaves, opportunistic white scalawags, and corrupt Yankee carpetbaggers plundered and oppressed the former Confederacy until respectable white...
We hold it to be the duty of the government to inflict condign punishment on the rebel belligerents, and so weaken their hands that they can never again endanger the Union; and so reform their municipal institutions as to make them republican in spirit as well as in name....We propose to confiscate all the estate of every rebel belligerent whose estate was worth $l0,000 or whose land exceeded two hundred acres in quantity....By thus forfeiting the estates of the leading rebels...
Daily Wages and Hours
Average Work Day
Daily Wage1860 = 100
To what degree was Abraham Lincoln successful in achieving his goals?Background
The Civil War was perhaps the most momentous event that the United States endured in its history. Author and historian Shelby Foote said, “Any understanding of this nation has to be based on an understanding of the Civil War. . . . It was the crossroads of our being.” The key personality in that contest was President Abraham Lincoln, who had the arduous task of steering this nation through the war and also...
The Founding Fathers created the Supreme Court in Article III of the Constitution of the United States. The most influential role of the Court, however, was defined later through the appeal process, in cases involving the laws of state and local legislatures and Congress. Landmark cases such as Marbury v. Madison, McCulloch v. Maryland, and others, which were decided in the first decades of the nineteenth century, established the court’s power of judicial review. This gave the appointed...