Congress passed the Fifteenth Amendment to the Constitution, providing that the “right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.” The provision was intended to buttress the Fourteenth Amendment, which guaranteed equal protection under the law and due process of law to all citizens. Though ultimately a boon to African American men, the amendments were a bitter blow to women’s rights advocates; both measures...
The Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution was ratified, guaranteeing citizenship to “all persons born or naturalized in the United States.” The amendment's Equal Protection Clause guaranteed that no state could “deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.”
Kentucky Senator John J. Crittenden introduced his Crittenden Compromise in Congress. The compromise would have protected slavery in the South through a series of constitutional amendments but the proposal was narrowly defeated in the Senate.
The Confederate army under General Bragg won a major tactical victory over Union forces at Chickamauga, Georgia. The three-day battle resulted in 34,000 casualties combined between September 18 and 20.
The Civil Rights Act of 1875 is passed, outlawing racial discrimination in public transportation and business open to the public, as well as in jury selection. The act was overturned by the Supreme Court in 1883.
The Bureau of Colored Troops was established by the War Department, by General Orders No. 143. Its purpose was to enlist African Americans and record “all matters relating to the organization of Colored Troops.”