Congress passed several Reconstruction Acts. Congress overrode a presidential veto of an act that divided the South into military districts and placed the former Confederate states under martial law pending their adoption of constitutions guaranteeing civil liberties to former slaves. Congress also passed an act giving African American men in the South the right to vote three years before ratification of the Fifteenth Amendment. Finally, it passed the Tenure of Office Act, which barred the president from removing officeholders without...
At the battle of Ball’s Bluff, Virginia, federal forces suffered 921 casualties to the Confederacy’s 155. A Union rout at Ball’s Bluff led to the imprisonment of Gen. Charles P. Stone for mistakes made during the battle. Edward Baker, a friend of Lincoln’s, was killed.
The Battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia, ended in Confederate victory at a cost of 24,000 casualties. Outnumbered 115,000 to 60,000, Lee drove the Union forces under Hooker back across the Rappahannock.
The Confederate army under General Bragg won a major tactical victory over Union forces at Chickamauga, Georgia. The three-day battle resulted in 34,000 casualties combined between September 18 and 20.