Roanoke Island, off present-day North Carolina, was the site of the first English settlement in North America. Founded by Sir Walter Raleigh in 1585, the colony lasted barely a year. In 1587, Raleigh sent another group of colonists out to settle in the Chesapeake. When they reached Roanoke, the ship’s captain refused to take them farther, and they remained on the island, while John White, the colony’s leader, went back to England for supplies. When he returned in 1590, he discovered that all the English colonists were gone, giving the...
Louisiana was claimed for France by René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle in 1682. In the early eighteenth century,while the French struggled to create permanent settlements in the territory, but they did establish New Orleans in 1718. The territory changed hands throughout the history of the Americas. The Spanish gained control over it in 1762 and ceded it back to the French in 1800. The territory was finally bought by the United States in 1803through Thomas Jefferson’s Louisiana Purchase.
The Massachusetts Bay Colony was settled in 1630 by a group of English Puritans who left England to escape religious persecution. The Puritans in Massachusetts Bay Colony established a strict theocratic government. In 1684 the Crown, concerned about colony’s growing independence, annulled the colony’s charter and created a royal government under a new charter in 1691.
New France was the area of French colonization in North America. It included Newfoundland, Acadia (Nova Scotia), and much of the Great Lakes region. Originally claimed by Jacques Cartier, the territory expanded through further exploration. The French eventually lost control of most of its colonial territory in the War of the Spanish Succession (1701–1714) and the French and Indian War (1756–1763).
New Netherland was the region between the South River (now the Delaware) and the North River (now the Hudson) controlled and colonized by the Dutch. Sailing for the Dutch East India Company, Henry Hudson first explored the region in 1609 while searching for a passage to Asia. New Netherland, which included New Amsterdam (the present-day island of Manhattan), was lost to the English in the Second Anglo-Dutch War in 1664.