Glossary Term – Event
In England, James II assumed the throne.
The first British colony, granted to Sir Walter Raleigh, was established on Roanoke Island. Most settlers returned to England in 1586, however, under threat of a Spanish raid. A few settlers remained to defend the settlement, but none survived.
The Company of New France was founded with the aim of colonizing New France, receiving a royal charter in May 1628.
The 1763 Peace of Paris concluded the French and Indian War. France ceded Canada and territories east of Mississippi River to Great Britain.
King William’s War was the first French and Indian War. Similar to Queen Anne’s War (1702–1713) and King George’s War (1744–1748), this conflict grew out of a struggle in Europe. After American Indians allied to the English raided French settlements near Montreal, the French and their Indian allies retaliated by staging raids on New York and New England. Two English assaults on the province of Quebec ended in failure. The war was finally ended in 1697 by the Treaty of Ryswick, which returned to England and France all territory each side had...
La Salle explored the Mississippi River, reaching the Gulf of Mexico in April 1682. He claimed the entire Mississippi Valley for France and named it “Louisiana” after King Louis XIV.
Peter Minuit “purchased” the island of Manhattan from American Indians for sixty guilders and established New Amsterdam there.
Half a century of conflict between Britain and France over North America culminated in the French and Indian War, or the Seven Years’ War in Europe. Unlike the three previous Anglo-French wars, which were outgrowths of European conflicts, this one began with colonial initiatives. Fur traders and Virginia planters were interested in exploiting and developing the Ohio River valley region. The French, determined to secure the territory against encroaching British and American traders and land speculators, built a chain of forts along...
John White, sent by Sir Walter Raleigh, arrived in Roanoke with supplies and a new group of colonists. White departed after only a month, leaving about 120 settlers at Roanoke while he returned to England for more supplies and additional colonists. The colony was deserted when White returned in 1590.