Glossary Term – Event
The French established Louisiana.
Peter Minuit “purchased” the island of Manhattan from American Indians for sixty guilders and established New Amsterdam there.
Half a century of conflict between Britain and France over North America culminated in the French and Indian War, or the Seven Years’ War in Europe. Unlike the three previous Anglo-French wars, which were outgrowths of European conflicts, this one began with colonial initiatives. Fur traders and Virginia planters were interested in exploiting and developing the Ohio River valley region. The French, determined to secure the territory against encroaching British and American traders and land speculators, built a chain of forts along...
John White, sent by Sir Walter Raleigh, arrived in Roanoke with supplies and a new group of colonists. White departed after only a month, leaving about 120 settlers at Roanoke while he returned to England for more supplies and additional colonists. The colony was deserted when White returned in 1590.
The French establish Acadia in what is now Eastern Canada’s Maritime Provinces. Samuel de Champlain explored and claimed Huron country for France.
Following the founding of Quebec City, Samuel de Champlain entered into an alliance with the Huron Indians. The alliance created a lasting trade partnership between the French and Hurons and helped strengthen both groups against the Iroquois.
The Dutch West India Company was formed in 1621 with a charter to establish colonies in North America in part to prevent the growth of rival empires. The company’s director, Peter Minuit, negotiated the acquisition of Manhattan from the Manhate Indians in 1626. Though it had essentially been granted a monopoly on trade with the Americas, the company’s attempts at attracting Dutch settlers were largly unsuccessful. The company also took part in the slave trade, moving slaves from the west coast of Africa to the West Indies and South America...
The Plymouth Company was a British joint-stock company made up of merchants and financiers from Plymouth, Bristol, Exeter, and West Country ports. The company aimed to colonize the area between present-day Maine and the Chesapeake Bay and established the Popham Colony on the coast of Maine in 1607. The colony quickly failed, however, and the company disbanded.
The Virginia Company of London was a joint-stock company chartered by King James I in 1606 to colonize the area between what is now New York and South Carolina. The company established Jamestown in 1607. In 1624, however, the company was dissolved, and Virginia became a royal colony.