Glossary Term – Event
Georgia passes a repeal of its ban on slavery.
The town of Salem, Massachusetts, endorsed a petition against the importation of slaves.
The yearly Meeting of Pennsylvania Quakers banned its members from participating in the slave trade.
Anthony Benezet published his first anti-slavery pamphlet, Observations on the Inslaving, Importing, and Purchasing of Negroes.
Half a century of conflict between Britain and France over North America culminated in the French and Indian War, or the Seven Years’ War in Europe. Unlike the three previous Anglo-French wars, which were outgrowths of European conflicts, this one began with colonial initiatives. Fur traders and Virginia planters were interested in exploiting and developing the Ohio River valley region. The French, determined to secure the territory against encroaching British and American traders and land speculators, built a chain of forts along...
The Dutch West India Company was formed in 1621 with a charter to establish colonies in North America in part to prevent the growth of rival empires. The company’s director, Peter Minuit, negotiated the acquisition of Manhattan from the Manhate Indians in 1626. Though it had essentially been granted a monopoly on trade with the Americas, the company’s attempts at attracting Dutch settlers were largly unsuccessful. The company also took part in the slave trade, moving slaves from the west coast of Africa to the West Indies and South America...
Maroons were independent communities of fugitive slaves. In North America, the most successful maroon communities were concentrated in Florida.
Established in seventeenth-century England, the Religious Society of Friends, or Quakers, was a Christian Protesant sect. Persecuted in both England and early colonial America, Quakers found a home in William Penn’s Pennsylvania, which supported Quaker adherance to pacificism, religious tolerance, and the equality of men and women. Quakers were also instrumental leaders of the abolitionist movement in colonial America and the founding era.
Many enslaved boys and girls performed agricultural labor in “trash gangs,” sweeping yards, clearing dried cornstalks from fields, chopping cotton, carrying water to field hands, weeding, picking cotton at a slower pace, feeding work animals, and driving cows to pasture.
The task system was one of the two plantation slave labor systems. Under the task system, slaves were assigned several specific tasks within a day. When those tasks were finished, slaves could have time to themselves. Slaves who worked in rice and long staple cotton plantations, in the naval stores industry, or in skilled labor positions worked under the task system. The benefits of this system for slaves included less supervision, more autonomy and more free time.