Glossary Term – Event
The French established New Orleans.
The French establish Acadia in what is now Eastern Canada’s Maritime Provinces. Samuel de Champlain explored and claimed Huron country for France.
Following the founding of Quebec City, Samuel de Champlain entered into an alliance with the Huron Indians. The alliance created a lasting trade partnership between the French and Hurons and helped strengthen both groups against the Iroquois.
La Salle explored the Mississippi River, reaching the Gulf of Mexico in April 1682. He claimed the entire Mississippi Valley for France and named it “Louisiana” after King Louis XIV.
The Dutch West India Company was formed in 1621 with a charter to establish colonies in North America in part to prevent the growth of rival empires. The company’s director, Peter Minuit, negotiated the acquisition of Manhattan from the Manhate Indians in 1626. Though it had essentially been granted a monopoly on trade with the Americas, the company’s attempts at attracting Dutch settlers were largly unsuccessful. The company also took part in the slave trade, moving slaves from the west coast of Africa to the West Indies and South America...
Maroons were independent communities of fugitive slaves. In North America, the most successful maroon communities were concentrated in Florida.
The Plymouth Company was a British joint-stock company made up of merchants and financiers from Plymouth, Bristol, Exeter, and West Country ports. The company aimed to colonize the area between present-day Maine and the Chesapeake Bay and established the Popham Colony on the coast of Maine in 1607. The colony quickly failed, however, and the company disbanded.
The Virginia Company of London was a joint-stock company chartered by King James I in 1606 to colonize the area between what is now New York and South Carolina. The company established Jamestown in 1607. In 1624, however, the company was dissolved, and Virginia became a royal colony.
The Massachusetts Bay Company was the commercial venture founded by John Winthrop and chartered by King Charles I in 1629 to establish a colony in New England. The company founded the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630 as a theocratic Puritan settlement.