In Salem, Massachusetts, a cluster of accusations of witchcraft led to prosecution. Cotton Mather presided over the trials of those accused of being witches, and eventually eighteen men and women were found guilty and hanged.
Massachusetts, Plymouth, Connecticut, and New Haven established a confederation known as the United Colonies of New England. Also known as the New England Confederation, the alliance served to protect its members from Indian attacks, and its commissioners—two from each colony, with six votes needed to approve any decision—met to resolve disputes over trade, boundaries, and religion. The confederation’s decisions and recommendations were advisory rather than mandatory, however, and its influence proved weak until its dissolution when...
The Tuscarora War began in North Carolina when Tuscarora Indians attacked white settlers in retaliation for white encroachment and raids on Tuscarora villages. The Indian resistance was crushed in 1713, and a formal treaty between the Tuscaroras and the government of North Carolina was signed in 1715.
The first British colony, granted to Sir Walter Raleigh, was established on Roanoke Island. Most settlers returned to England in 1586, however, under threat of a Spanish raid. A few settlers remained to defend the settlement, but none survived.