In Schechter Poultry Corporation v. the United States, the Supreme Court ruled the National Recovery Administration unconstitutional and held that the government could not determine national codes, wages, or hours in local plants.
The Eighteenth Amendment to the Constitution forbidding the manufacture, sale, transportation, import, and export of “intoxicating liquors” was ratified, instituting Prohibition nationwide. The amendment was repealed by the Twenty-first Amendment in 1933.
In 1932, George Barnett, a prominent economist and president of the American Economics Association, forecasted a bleak future for organized labor: “The changes, occupational and technological, which checked the advance of unionism in the last decade, appear likely to continue in the same direction.”
World War I veterans, who in 1924 had been promised a bonus for their military service to be paid in 1945, marched on Washington, DC, to demand immediate payment of their bonuses. The Great Depression had taken a huge economic toll on the veterans, and many were unemployed and unable to find work. Though the House approved their request, the Senate defeated the Bonus Army bill, sparking a weeks-long protest in the capital. Eventually, troops were sent to disperse the “Bonus Army.”