The Bonus Army was comprised of thousands of World War I veterans who marched on Washington, DC, in 1932. They demanded the payment of their bonuses as relief from economic hardship. The bonuses were scheduled to be paid in 1945, but the veterans were struggling with the harsh economic conditions of the Great Depression. As many as 15,000 veterans marched to the nation’s capital as part of the Bonus Army. Congress declined to approve the bonus bill. Most of the veterans left after Congress’s vote, but a few thousand remained in DC and...
The Rural Electrification Administration was created in 1935 to bring electricity to rural areas. The agency administered loans to small cooperatives after major companies refused to develop utilities in rural areas for fear that it was unprofitable.
The Agricultural Adjustment Administration was a New Deal program established in 1933 by the Agricultural Adjustment Act. The aim of the agency was to help struggling farmers and restore American agricultural success. Though the Agricultural Adjustment Act was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in 1936, the AAA did help farming economy during its short tenure by limiting agricultural production, reducing surpluses, and increasing prices.
The Black Cabinet was the semi-official racial-affairs advisory committee of the Roosevelt administration. Organized in 1936 and led by Mary McLeod Bethune, the Black Cabinet was composed of African American members of Roosevelt’s administration and created to represent and address the rights and needs of black citizens.
The Civilian Conservation Corps was established by Congress on March 31, 1933, to create jobs by employing young men in conservation, development, and infrastructure. The program put approximately three million young men to work between 1933 and 1942.