Harry S. Truman, Winston Churchill, and Chiang Kai-shek issued the Potsdam Declaration to Japan: “We call upon the Government of Japan to proclaim now the unconditional surrender of all the Japanese armed forces, and to provide proper and adequate assurances of their good faith in such action. The alternative for Japan is prompt and utter destruction.”
In Schechter Poultry Corporation v. the United States, the Supreme Court ruled the National Recovery Administration unconstitutional and held that the government could not determine national codes, wages, or hours in local plants.
The Nazis began the blitzkrieg (or “lighting war”) of several European countries, including Poland, Denmark, Norway, Belguim, France, and the Netherlands. Blitzkrieg attacks combined forces of mechanized infantry, tank divisions, and air support to devastate invaded countries and led to many quick surrenders.