The Nazis began the blitzkrieg (or “lighting war”) of several European countries, including Poland, Denmark, Norway, Belguim, France, and the Netherlands. Blitzkrieg attacks combined forces of mechanized infantry, tank divisions, and air support to devastate invaded countries and led to many quick surrenders.
President Roosevelt signed Executive Order #9066, which authorized the designation of military areas “from which any or all persons may be excluded.” The order was used to remove Japanese Americans to internment camps.
After a months-long battle at Stalingrad, Soviet troops recaptured the city in a key victory. The victory came at a great price in civilian and military casualties—as many as two million between the Russians and the Axis powers. The battle weakened German military might and damaged German morale.
World War I veterans, who in 1924 had been promised a bonus for their military service to be paid in 1945, marched on Washington, DC, to demand immediate payment of their bonuses. The Great Depression had taken a huge economic toll on the veterans, and many were unemployed and unable to find work. Though the House approved their request, the Senate defeated the Bonus Army bill, sparking a weeks-long protest in the capital. Eventually, troops were sent to disperse the “Bonus Army.”