Congress formally submitted the Constitution to the state legislatures for ratification.
The first of the Federalist Papers—a series of essays written by John Jay, Alexander Hamilton, and James Madison supporting the Constitution—was published.
In the XYZ Affair, French agents, referred to as X, Y, and Z, demanded a $10 million loan and bribes before France would negotiate a treaty with the United States.
Written anonymously by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions encouraged states to nullify unconstitutional federal laws. The Resolutions were a direct response to the Alien and Sedition Acts.
Federalist Alexander Hamilton was killed in a duel with Vice President Aaron Burr.
In an elaborte coronation, Napoleon became the emperor of France, placing the crown on his own head.
Congress voted to ban the international slave trade as of January 1, 1808.
The Non-Intercourse Act prohibited imports from Britain and France and banned their ships from US ports.
James Madison was re-elected president.
President Washington issued a proclamation of neutrality, which called on Americans to avoid taking sides in the war between Britain and revolutionary France.