The National Origins Act refined the immigration quota system, created by the 1921 Emergency Quota Act, to favor northern and western European immigration over southern and eastern European immigration.
The Socialist Party of America was formed by a merger of several democratic-socialist political groups. Rejecting industrial capitalism, the party aimed to increase the rights and power of farmers and laborers.
President William McKinley was shot twice by Leon Czolgosz, the anarchist son of Polish immigrants. McKinley died eight days later on September 14. He was succeeded by Vice President Theodore Roosevelt.