- ›› Eras and Sub-Eras : The Roaring Twenties
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The years following the end of World War I were a period of deep social tensions, aggrevated by high wartime inflation. Food prices more than doubled between 1915 and 1920; clothing costs more than tripled. A steel strike that began in Chicago in 1919 became much more than a simple dispute between labor and management. The Steel Strike of 1919 became the focal point for profound social anxieties, especially fears of Bolshevism.Organized labor had grown in strength during the course of the war. Many unions won recognition and the...
The roaring 1920s was an era of dramatic change. Among the most enduring manifestations of this change was the rise of the big city. The centrality of urban growth to the social, political, and economic changes of the 1920s gives it a special place in the study of that decade, the twentieth century, and the United States in the modern century. The changes that took place in New York City, America’s largest city by this time (see the interactive activity in the March 2007 issue of History Now), were...
Baseball became an increasingly integral part of the American landscape in the second half of the nineteenth century and the early decades of the twentieth century. Growth of the sport occurred in conjunction with the rapid industrialization of the United States, the rise of big business, the expansion of the working class, frequent disputes over labor practices and the Progressive reform era, which sought ways to address the challenges of a modern America.
Professional baseball in many ways...
Cars on the Road
On May 1, 1919--May Day--postal officials discovered 20 bombs in the mail of prominent capitalists, including John D. Rockefeller and J.P. Morgan, Jr., as well as government officials like Supreme Court Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes. A month later, bombs exploded in eight American cities.On September 16, 1920, a bomb left in a parked horse-drawn wagon exploded near Wall Street in Manhattan's financial district, killing 30 people and injuring hundreds. The suspicion was that the bomb was the work of alien radicals. Authorities...
Today’s students have an acute sense of fairness, and they dislike inequality in their lives. As they learn about our country’s history, they want to know why people have been treated unfairly. Why was slavery allowed? Why were Native Americans forced off their land? Why couldn’t women vote? The answers to the first two questions are rooted in economic and political forces of institutionalized racism and greed. This lesson focuses on answering the third question and addressing institutionalized gender discrimination....
The Electoral College consists of 538 electors, who are representatives typically chosen by the candidate’s political party, though some state laws differ. Each state’s number of electors is based on its congressional delegation (one for each member in the House of Representatives and one for each member in the Senate). Currently, a total of 270 electoral votes is required to win the presidency.Prior to the 1804 election the first runner-up became vice president, as spelled out in the US Constitution. As a...
The two decades following the end of “The Great War” witnessed significant changes in American economic, social, and cultural life. The affluence and optimism of the 1920s were tempered by memories of the war and an underlying fear of being dragged into another costly and deadly European crisis. These concerns about national security were reflected in increasingly isolationist rhetoric and a rash of neutrality-focused legislation. As dark clouds of war returned in the 1930s, while some Americans called for an enlarged...