Glossary Term – Event
Bison had been hunted to near extinction by 1890.
In Philadelphia, President Ulysses S. Grant opened the Centennial Exhibition of 1876, the first World’s Fair held in the United States. The event hosted various exhibits of nature and technology, including Alexander Graham Bell’s telephone, and attracted almost nine million visitors in six months.
Geronimo, having escaped captivity at Fort Apache in 1885 with a band of followers, surrendered to federal forces, ending Apache resistance.
Lincoln signed the Federal Homestead Law. The act granted public land in 160 acres allotments in the West to those willing to farm the land for five years.
The completion of the Northern Pacific railroad was celebrated with a “golden spike” ceremony at Gold Creek, Montana.
Oklahoma was opened to white settlers in the territory’s first “land run.” Settlers raced to claim up to 160 acres each of unsettled land.
A year after its lands were opened to white settlement by the federal government, Oklahoma was officially established as a territory with a territorial government.
In Rock Springs, Wyoming, white miners perpetrated a massacre of Chinese workers. Bitter over increasing Chinese immigration and labor, the white miners destroyed Chinese homes, killed twenty-eight men, and drove hundreds of others from the town.
Congress established the US Geological Survey to oversee surrvey projects for the transcontinental railroad and study western lands for development.
Historian Frederick Jackson Turner presented his “frontier thesis” in an address in Chicago, the site of the 1893 World’s Columbian Exposition. Turner pointed to expansion as the most important factor in American history. He claimed that “the existence of an area of free land, its continuous recession, and the advance of American settlement westward explain American development.” In 1890, however, the Census Bureau stated that all the land within the United States was claimed, and there was no longer a frontier. “Now, four centuries from...