- ›› Eras and Sub-Eras : Development of the West
Glossary Term – Person
William Jennings Bryan (1860–1925) was a Democratic politician from Nebraska whose support for free silver, income tax, and other reforms won him the support of the Populist Party. Bryan was elected to the US House of Representatives in 1890, and in 1896 he was nominated for president after delivering his “Cross of Gold” speech at the Democratic convention. Though he had the backing of the Democratic Party, the Populist Party, and free silver Republicans, Bryan lost the election by a large margin to William McKinley. Bryan ran and lost...
Glossary Term – Place
The Great Sioux Reservation was the region reserved for the Lakota Indians between 1868 and 1889. The reservation was established by the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868, which set that region of the Dakota Territory aside for the Sioux, provided them hunting rights to the west of the reservation, and prohibited white settlement in the Black Hills. After gold was discovered in the Black Hills in the mid-1870s, however, white settlers began to encroach on the reservation, and the federal government refused to enforce the provisions of Treaty,...
After the Civil War, the United States government commissioned several surveys of the American West. Photography was widely used to document the region's unusual geography, and it was this visual evidence that spurred Congress to create the national park system.
All images are from the Gilder Lehrman Collection